There are two basic premises in professed Christian churches today. Two premises of how God saves a man or woman from sin, and what actually constitutes sin and guilt in the life of the individual. Depending on which premise we base our beliefs on, the outcome will be very different. The Bible says there is only one way of Salvation. (Psalm 77:13; Acts 4:11, 12; Eph 4:5; John 14:6) This study is a basic introduction to these two premises, and shows from the Bible which is correct. In part two of this study, which is to follow, we will discuss what actually happens in and to the guilty sinner when he or she comes in penitence to the foot of the cross. Stay tuned!